BIBLIOTECA HORTICULTURA

BIBLIOTECA HORTICULTURA

Quality preservation of film wrapped lemons stored at room temperature through sodium hypochlorite and reduced dose of imazalil, in a heated solution

Quality preservation of film wrapped lemons stored at room temperature through sodium hypochlorite and reduced dose of imazalil, in a heated solution

Salvatore D’Aquino et al., Postharvest Biology and Technology, Volume 124, February 2017

Storage of individual seal-packaged citrus fruit at room temperature in China is a very common practice that requires a pre-storage treatment with a high concentration of an effective fungicide as imazalil (IMZ) to prevent decay.

In this study, lemons were washed with NaOCl (200 mg L−1) or not, treated with IMZ (50 or 1000 mg L−1) at 20 or 50 °C and individually wrapped with a 16-μm thick extensible polyvinylchloride film (Film A) or two heat shrinkable polyolefinic films, thick 15 (Film B) or 19-μm (Film C).

The sequential treatment with NaOCl and IMZ at 50 mg L−1 at 50 °C, was as effective as IMZ at 1000 mg L−1 at 20 °C in controlling Penicillium decay. Losses for decay in fruit wrapped with the two more permeable films (Film A and Film B) never exceeded 10%, while in those wrapped with Film C (the least permeable) peaked to 41%.

All films reduced weight losses, which at the end of storage were 11% in fruit wrapped with Film A and below 4% in those wrapped with the other two films, while were 41% in unwrapped ones. After one week of storage, only 50% of unwrapped fruit were marketable whereas all wrapped fruit were still marketable after 8 weeks.

Respiration as well as juice acetaldehyde and ethanol were slightly affected by the two more permeable films, while an abnormal production of CO2, acetaldehyde and ethanol occurred in those wrapped with film C. Changes in chemical parameters were relevant in fruit sealed with Film C and minor in those with Film A and Film B.

Decay control and quality preservation of lemons stored at room temperature can be achieved for several weeks by a sequential treatment with NaOCl and a heated water emulsion of IMZ at 50 mg L−1, when fruit are wrapped with plastic films highly permeable to gases.


Sources
Salvatore D’Aquino, Dai Suming, Ziniu Deng, Alessandra Gentile, Alberto Angioni, Luciano De Pau, Amedeo Palma, A sequential treatment with sodium hypochlorite and a reduced dose of imazalil heated at 50 °C effectively control decay of individually film-wrapped lemons stored at 20 °C, Postharvest Biology and Technology, Volume 124, February 2017, Pages 75-84, ISSN 0925-5214, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2016.10.006.(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925521416304537)

Picture by ULMA Packaging, Apple and lemons tray packaging in flow pack wrapper (HFFS) without tray