BIBLIOTECA HORTICULTURA

BIBLIOTECA HORTICULTURA

Ascorbic acid and chitosan, effective for maintaining the postharvest storage quality of papaya

Ascorbic acid and chitosan, effective for maintaining the postharvest storage quality of papaya

Yan Zhou et al., LWT

Papaya fruit easily decays and prematurely senescence after harvest.

Studies have shown that adding ascorbic acid to chitosan can improve postharvest quality and extend the shelf life of coated fruits.

Therefore, the effect of 1.5% (w/v) ascorbic acid (AsA), 1.0% (w/v) chitosan (CTS), and 1.5% (w/v) ascorbic acid + 1.0% (w/v) chitosan (AsA + CTS) treatment on the storage quality of papaya fruits was studied.

The results showed that AsA + CTS treatment reduced the weight loss, malondialdehyde, and hydrogen peroxide content of papaya fruit.

AsA + CTS treatment improved the antioxidant capacity of papaya fruits by increasing the activities of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, catalase, and ascorbate peroxidase), soluble sugar and total phenol content, as well as by maintaining color and delaying senescence of fruits.

AsA + CTS treatment also inhibited fruit softening by reducing cell-wall- degrading enzymes activities and by encoding gene transcript levels for cellulase, polygalacturonase, pectin methylesterase, and β-galactosidase.

In summary, AsA + CTS treatment was an effective technique for maintaining the postharvest storage quality of papaya fruits.


Picture is Fig. 1 of the original paper - The phenotype of papaya fruits affects by ascorbic acid (AsA) and chitosan (CTS) on 16 d of storage


Source
The combined effect of ascorbic acid and chitosan coating on postharvest quality and cell wall metabolism of papaya fruits
Yan Zhou, Lei Hu, Yiting Chen, Lin Liao, Runwei Li, Huibing Wang, Yuxing Mo, Lijing Lin & Kaidong Liu
LWT Volume 171, 15 December 2022, 114134
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0023643822010696#!