Manish K. Bansal et al., HortTechnology
Vidalia onions (Allium cepa) are very susceptible to infection from pathogens and diseases compared with other types of onions.
Botrytis neck rot (BNR) (Botrytis allii) is the most common and destructive storage disease, whereas sour skin (Pseudomonas cepacia) can cause significant bacterial losses, particularly, for late season cultivars.
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of different fungicide and bactericide drenches on marketability of Vidalia onions using the cultivar Savannah Sweet grown, harvested, and graded for high-quality onions. Six different fungicide treatments were evaluated, including
- fludioxonil at two different rates,
- fluopyram and pyrimethanil in combination, and
- pyraclostrobin and boscalid in combination with a
- water-only and an
- untreated entry.
In addition, four different bactericide treatments were evaluated, including
- copper hydroxide and
- copper sulfate pentahydrate with a
- water-only and
- untreated control.
Treatments were applied by drenching the onion bags with 1 gal of solution at the desired concentration.
Onions treated with fungicide were inoculated with the pathogen that causes BNR, whereas the bactericide treatments were inoculated with the pathogen that causes sour skin by placing a single inoculated bulb into each bag.
Half of the bags were heat-cured for 48 hours and all of the onions were stored immediately under refrigerated conditions at 34 to 36°F (1 a 2ºC) for 2 or 4 months.
Bactericide treatments were not heat-cured the second year of the study.
Onions were evaluated after 1 and 14 days of shelf life.
For both years, all the fungicide applications were effective with more marketable onions compared with the controls. Fludioxonil, fluopyram/pyrimethanil, and boscalid/pyraclostrobin had the highest percentage of marketable onions compared with the water or untreated controls.
Fluopyram/pyrimethanil and boscalid/pyraclostrobin fungicides had significantly higher percentage of marketable onions than the controls but were similar to the low rate of fludioxonil.
Bactericide applications were not effective in reducing losses when compared with the controls.
Effect of Postharvest Chemical Treatments, Heat Curing, and Refrigerated Storage on Marketability of Short-day Onions
Manish K. Bansal1,3, George E. Boyhan1,4,6 and Daniel D. MacLean2,5
1Department of Horticulture, University of Georgia, 1111 Miller Plant Science Building, Athens, GA 30602
2Department of Horticulture, University of Georgia, 4604 Research Way, Tifton, GA 31794
HortTechnology April 2018 28 (2)
1 - Botrytis Neck Rot by RHS
2 - VSCNews.com