BIBLIOTECA HORTICULTURA

BIBLIOTECA HORTICULTURA

Physical and mechanical properties of carrots

Physical and mechanical properties of carrots

Ahmad Jahanbakhshi et al., Wiley Online Library

Lack of sufficient knowledge about the physical and mechanical properties of agricultural products can result in higher waste of them.

Due to the importance of carrot as an agricultural product and lack of much knowledge about how to reduce its waste as well as design and optimize the required harvest and postharvest machinery, this research study was carried out to fill this gap.

In this study, physical properties included the length, width, thickness, mean diameter (geometric and arithmetic), mass, volume, density, sphericity, surface area, aspect ratio. The mechanical properties of the samples and their lengths were measured under the conditions of pressure (bruise), bending (break), and shearing of the carrot halves using a Zwick/Roell Instron testing machine based on the recommended standards.

The mean geometric mean diameter, surface area, sphericity, volume and true density of the carrot were 49.54 mm, 7758.32 mm2 , 0.32%, 70 cm3 , and 1.04 g/cm3.

In the study of mechanical properties of carrots, the maximum forces required for bruising, bending, and shearing of the carrot fruit were 71.90, 48.60, and 41.14 N, respectively.

The results obtained about the physical and mechanical properties can be very useful in reducing carrot waste and mechanizing harvest and postharvest operations by providing us with information that helps us design machinery needed to transfer, sort, separate, wash, package, store, and process carrots.


Sources
Determination of physical and mechanical properties of carrot in order to reduce waste during harvesting and post-harvesting
Ahmad Jahanbakhshi, Yousef Abbaspour-Gilandeh & Tarahom Mesri Gundoshmian
Wiley Online Library
DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.760

Picture by tudespensa.com, Zanahoria